A flood accumulates a large body of water around an area, causing much destruction. The following paragraph on floods, their causes, and their impacts is very helpful for children and students.
Long Paragraph On Flood | Types, Causes, Impacts & Solution; How to Prevent Flood
A flood is the accumulation of water over a dry area due to rain or from any body of water that causes a lot of destruction and damage. Floods cause loss of life and property. Mostly, floods are caused naturally; rarely is this disaster artificial.
When water breaks embankments of water bodies and rushes to plain areas, it is called flooding. How can we reduce the risk of loss of life and property and prevent floods? As man is helpless and feeble enough to help face this natural calamity, we can prevent floods by constructing dams and water reserves.
It will help save hundreds of lives and will also help save people from being homeless. Apart from that, the plantation is necessary to minimize the damage caused by floods. Trees are very useful in flood-prone areas to prevent the level of damage caused by floods. There should be flood warnings to reduce the damage. We can prevent floods by widening the banks of rivers, planting trees, and improving the drainage system.
Constructing new dams near water bodies is also beneficial to prevent floods. There should be canals on each river bank to divert the flow of rainwater into canals so that major losses are not caused.
1. Causes Of Flood
During the monsoon, rainwater reaches rivers and lakes when it rains heavily in flood-prone areas. When water beyond the capacity of rivers starts flowing into rivers, barriers are broken, and water overflows water bodies and inundates plain land.
Improper drainage systems, heavy downpours, and global warming mainly cause floods. Due to climate change and global warming, the ice snow on mountains is melting heavily. The melting of glaciers is also a cause of flooding.
2. Impacts Of Flood
Floods are always destructive. Thousands of people become homeless due to big floods. Many people’s normal routine lives become miserable. Many houses are submerged in water.
It not only harms houses and property, but it also badly affects agriculture. When agricultural land is flooded with water, the crops are entirely damaged, affecting the state’s economy.
Floods badly affect the economy and development of a country. Sometimes it takes years to replace the physical damage and stabilize a nation’s destabilized economy. Due to floods, too much loss of livestock is also recorded. Many animals lose their habitats and die due to floods.
The infrastructure of the country is also damaged; the roads and bridges are broken, transportation is affected, and communication links are disrupted by floods, which make life miserable. In urban areas, especially low-lying towns and areas flooded by slight rain showers, water accumulates in streets, also called flooding. It disturbs the routine lives of people in urban areas.
3. Solutions Of Flood
Humans and animals are vulnerable to these natural disasters and natural forces. When there is a flood in any area due to stagnant water over plains and dry land, many waterborne diseases are also caused, which kill many humans and animals. Floods affect us socially, economically, and environmentally. Above all, major losses of life and property destabilized a nation’s economy.
Short 5 Paragraphs Essay On Flood
1. Flood Disaster – For Class 9
Flood or flood damage is damage to a structure caused by water. Floods can be caused by heavy rain, snow melts, overflowing rivers or other bodies of water, or flash floods. Floods can cause significant damage to buildings and areas along streams, rivers, and lakes.
Flooding also causes soil erosion and disruption to transportation routes and utilities. A flood is one of the most common natural disasters in the world. Around 600 million people are at risk of flooding yearly; 1 billion live in flood-prone areas. Over half of these areas lack flood defenses, making them highly vulnerable to flooding. In 2005 there were more than 50 million floods worldwide, affecting more than 100 million people yearly. In the United States, floods cause billions of dollars in damage every year; In 2015 alone, it was estimated that over $20 billion was lost to flooding in the US Midwest alone. Flood control may include building flood barriers and educating residents about flood awareness.
Communities at risk of flooding should also consider installing early warning systems and evacuation plans so that residents can avoid hazards when a flood warning is issued.
2. Causes of floods
Floods occur when there is too much rainfall in a short period. The most common cause of flooding is that the drainage system cannot handle the volume of water in an area at once. Another common cause is runoff from heavy rains, which inundate the ground. Other causes of flooding include: To prevent flooding, it is important to monitor weather forecasts and be prepared for storms with proper tools and supplies. Flooding can also be prevented by raising houses above expected water levels.
This can be done by raising foundations or building on higher ground. In addition, clear debris and debris barriers should be maintained to allow flood water to drain easily. The best way to prepare for floods is to have a contingency plan. Knowing what steps to take before a flood hits will help you be more responsive during this stressful time.
3. River in Flood
A flood in a river is a chaotic situation that can be dangerous for anyone nearby. River flooding can cause landslides and destroy bridges, so staying away from rivers and other bodies of water is important when they swell. In addition to personal safety, environmental factors must be considered when dealing with river flooding.
The water can threaten fish and wildlife, so people should be careful not to disturb them near rivers and streams during a flood. And since much of the land surrounding rivers is covered in vegetation, it’s important to avoid chopping down trees and damaging crops to protect the soil and watch out for warning signs. However, if you get caught in a flood, here are some safety tips: Stay away from the shore.
If you must cross a creek or river, walk on the opposite side of the current, not in their path. Crouch down and seek shelter if necessary. Do not attempt to drive through flooded areas, as this can cause massive damage to your car.
4. Helping hands during flood
You’ve likely seen images of people helping each other during a flood. Whether helping someone out of the rain or fetching water in a bucket, many of us have had a positive experience seeing someone help another person. But what drives people to help each other during a flood? People help when they see someone in need for two main reasons: altruism and empathy.
Altruism is the desire to do something good for someone else. Americans are often known for being a very charitable and generous nation, but this is not always the case. In recent years, Americans have become more selfish, showing less concern for others and more concern for themselves.
This behavior change is due to the economic downturn and social media’s growing presence. Because social media allows us to stay in touch with our friends and family 24/7, we are more likely to see negative news events than ever. Social media can make friends feel they must meet expectations by posting regularly, creating internal competition among friends. This inner competition is one of the main reasons people help each other during a flood. People feel obligated to help because they want to look good in front of their friends or because they don’t want anyone else
5. Effects Of Flood
Floods seriously threaten life, property, and wildlife in all parts of the world. They can cause major damage to buildings and infrastructure and contaminate drinking water. In addition, floodwaters can drive away or injure animals that live nearby. Many animals have developed special adaptations to help them survive floods. Deer, for example, have large hooves that allow them to navigate shallow water and wade through stagnant water.
Many bird species also have waterproof feathers that prevent water from entering their bodies. Once you know what to look for, it’s possible to spot signs of a flood before it happens. Listen for unusual sounds like gurgling water and rushing wind. Check the water levels in nearby puddles and streams and ensure the area is dry before entering. If you live in an area prone to flooding, take precautions to protect yourself and your property.
Bring your belongings above ground or install flood barriers on your home if possible. Keep your home debris-free so it doesn’t become a flood barrier during a flood event. If you live in a high-risk area, invest in insurance that covers flood events.