A flood is the accumulation of a large body of water around areas, causing a lot of destruction and etc. The following paragraph on the topic of flood, causes, and impacts are very helpful for children and students.
Flood Paragraph | Types, Causes, Impacts & Solution; How to Prevent Flood
The accumulation of water over a dry area due to rain or from any body of water that causes a lot of destruction and damage is called a flood.
Floods cause loss of life and property. Mostly, floods are caused naturally; rarely is this disaster man-made.
When water breaks embankments of water bodies and rushes to plain areas, it is called flooding.
How can we reduce the risk of loss of life and property and how can we prevent floods?
As man is helpless and feeble enough to help face this natural calamity, we can prevent floods by constructing dams and water reserves.
It will help save hundreds of lives and will also help save people from being homeless. Apart from that, plantation is very necessary to minimize the damage caused by floods.
Trees are very useful in flood prone areas to prevent the level of damage caused by floods. There should be flood warnings to reduce the damage.
We can prevent floods by widening the banks of rivers, planting trees and improving the drainage system.
Construction of new dams near water bodies is also beneficial to prevent floods. There should be canals on each river bank to divert the flow of rain water into canals so that major losses are not caused.
1. Causes of Flood
During the monsoon, when it rains heavily in flood prone areas, rain water reaches rivers and lakes. When water beyond the capacity of rivers starts flowing into rivers, embankments are broken, and water overflows water bodies and inundates plain land.
Floods are mainly caused by improper drainage systems, heavy downpours, and global warming.
Due to climate change and global warming, the frozen ice snow on mountains is melting heavily. The melting of glaciers is also a cause of flooding.
2. Impacts of Flood
Floods are always destructive in nature. Thousands of people become homeless due to big floods. Many people’s normal routine lives become miserable. Many houses are submerged in water.
It not only harms houses and property, but it also badly affects agriculture. When agricultural land is flooded with water, the crops are entirely damaged, which affects the economy of the state.
Floods badly affect the economy and development of a country. Sometimes it takes years to replace the physical damage and to stabilize the destabilized economy of a nation.
Due to floods, too much loss of livestock is also recorded. Many animals lose their habitats and die due to floods.
The infrastructure of the country is also damaged; the roads and bridges are broken, transportation is affected, and communication links are also disrupted by floods, which make life miserable.
In urban areas, especially low lying towns and areas that are flooded by slight showers of rain, water accumulates in streets; this is also called flooding. It disturbs the routine lives of people in urban areas.
Not only humans, but animals too are vulnerable to these natural disasters and natural forces.
When there is a flood in any area, due to stagnant water over plains and dry land, many waterborne diseases are also caused, which kill many humans and animals.
Floods affect us socially, economically, and environmentally. Above all, major losses of life and property destabilized the economy of a nation.