Short Essay & Paragraph On Nelson Mandela For Students

Nelson Mandela was an important leader in South Africa who fought against apartheid. Apartheid was a system that kept non-white people separate from white people. He was born on July 18, 1918, in Umtata, South Africa. Let’s learn more about this remarkable man and his achievements.

Essay About Nelson Mandela – A Hero of Equality

Education and Activism

Mandela went to school and college at the College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand. There, he studied law and met other people who wanted to fight against apartheid. He became a leader in the African National Congress (ANC) and followed Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence approach. But when peaceful protests didn’t work, he started a branch of the ANC that used force to resist apartheid. The South African government called him a terrorist, and he was sent to prison for almost 30 years.

and Presidency

After his release from prison, Mandela became the first black president of South Africa. He worked hard to improve the lives of black people in the country. He wrote a book called “Long Walk to Freedom” that tells about his struggles and fight for equality. Nelson Mandela Day is celebrated on his birthday, July 18. On this day, people all around the world honor him by helping their communities and making the world a better place.

The Significance of Nelson Mandela Day

Nelson Mandela Day is a special day to remember the great work of Nelson Mandela. People celebrate this day by doing good deeds and acts of kindness for others. They volunteer to help those in need, clean up their neighborhoods, and spread love and hope just like Mandela did.

Apartheid and its Impact

Apartheid was a very unfair system in South Africa. It separated people based on their race, treating non-white citizens unfairly. They couldn’t use the same facilities as white people and had fewer rights. It caused a lot of suffering and division in the country.

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Major Accomplishments as President

As South Africa’s president, Mandela worked to unite the country and end apartheid. He created programs to improve housing, education, and healthcare for black people. He also helped South Africa become a democratic country where everyone could vote and have equal rights.


What is apartheid and how did it affect South Africa?

Apartheid was a system of racial segregation that discriminated against non-white people in South Africa. It caused immense suffering and division among the people.

What were some of Nelson Mandela’s major accomplishments as president of South Africa?

As president, Mandela worked to unite the country, end apartheid, and improve the living conditions of black people. He made South Africa a democratic nation with equal rights for all.

What is the significance of Nelson Mandela Day and how is it celebrated?

Nelson Mandela Day is celebrated on July 18th to honor his legacy. People celebrate by doing good deeds and helping others in their communities, spreading love and hope, just like Mandela did.


Nelson Mandela was a true hero who fought against injustice and inequality in South Africa. He spent many years in prison but never gave up on his dream of a united and fair nation. His legacy lives on through Nelson Mandela Day, where people come together to make the world a better place, just as he did.

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