What Part of Speech is Not [ Adverb, Conjunction, Adjective ]

In English, the word “not” is an adverb, a conjunction, and an adjective.


As an adverb, “not” is used to negate or reverse the meaning of a verb, adjective, or other adverb. It is often used to form negative statements or questions. For example:

  • “I am not hungry.” (negating the verb “am”)
  • “She is not tall.” (negating the adjective “tall”)
  • “He does not speak Spanish.” (negating the verb “speak”)
  • “This food is not spicy.” (negating the adjective “spicy”)
  • “She does not usually eat sushi.” (negating the adverb “usually”)


As a conjunction, “not” is used to connect clauses or phrases in a negative sense. It is often used to form negative compound verbs or negative compound adjectives. For example:

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  • “I will not go to the party.” (forming a negative compound verb)
  • “She is not very happy.” (forming a negative compound adjective)
  • “He does not want to go to the store.” (connecting clauses)
  • “I am not convinced by your argument.” (connecting clauses)
  • “She is not the only one who is upset.” (connecting clauses)
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As an adjective, “not” is used to negate or reverse the meaning of a noun or noun phrase. It is often used with a popular verb to form a negative statement. For example:

  • “She is not a doctor.” (negating the noun “doctor”)
  • “They are not students.” (negating the noun “students”)
  • “This is not the right answer.” (negating the noun phrase “the right answer”)
  • “He is not my husband.” (negating the noun “husband”)
  • “She is not interested in the job.” (negating the noun phrase “interested in the job”)

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